CSS3 :: 2d Transforms

2D transforms are used to re-change the element structure as translate, rotate, scale, and skew.

The following table has contained common values which are used in 2D transforms −

Sr.No.Value & Description
1matrix(n,n,n,n,n,n)Used to defines matrix transforms with six values
2translate(x,y)Used to transforms the element along with x-axis and y-axis
3translateX(n)Used to transforms the element along with x-axis
4translateY(n)Used to transforms the element along with y-axis
5scale(x,y)Used to change the width and height of element
6scaleX(n)Used to change the width of element
7scaleY(n)Used to change the height of element
8rotate(angle)Used to rotate the element based on an angle
9skewX(angle)Used to defines skew transforms along with x axis
10skewY(angle)Used to defines skew transforms along with y axis

The following examples are shown the sample of all above properties.

Rotate 20 degrees

Box rotation with 20 degrees angle as shown below

<html>
   <head>
      <style>
         div {
            width: 300px;
            height: 100px;
            background-color: pink;
            border: 1px solid black;
         }
         div#myDiv {
            /* IE 9 */
            -ms-transform: rotate(20deg);
            
            /* Safari */
            -webkit-transform: rotate(20deg);
            
            /* Standard syntax */
            transform: rotate(20deg);
         }
      </style>
   </head>

   <body>
      <div>
         Tutorials point.com.
      </div>
      
      <div id = "myDiv">
         Tutorials point.com
      </div>
   </body>
</html>

Rotate -20 degrees

Box rotation with -20 degrees angle as shown below

<html>
   <head>
      <style>
         div {
            width: 300px;
            height: 100px;
            background-color: pink;
            border: 1px solid black;
         }
         div#myDiv {
            /* IE 9 */
            -ms-transform: rotate(-20deg); 
         
            /* Safari */
            -webkit-transform: rotate(-20deg);
         
            /* Standard syntax */	
            transform: rotate(-20deg);
         }
      </style>
   </head>

   <body>
      <div>
         Tutorials point.com.
      </div>
      
      <div id = "myDiv">
         Tutorials point.com
      </div>
   </body>
</html>

Skew X axis

Box rotation with skew x-axis as shown below

<html>
   <head>
      <style>
         div {
            width: 300px;
            height: 100px;
            background-color: pink;
            border: 1px solid black;
         }
         div#skewDiv {
            /* IE 9 */
            -ms-transform: skewX(20deg); 
            
            /* Safari */
            -webkit-transform: skewX(20deg);
            
            /* Standard syntax */	
            transform: skewX(20deg);
         }
      </style>
   </head>

   <body>
      <div>
         Tutorials point.com.
      </div>
      
      <div id = "skewDiv">
         Tutorials point.com
      </div>
   </body>
</html>

Skew Y axis

Box rotation with skew y-axis as shown below

<html>
   <head>
      <style>
         div {
            width: 300px;
            height: 100px;
            background-color: pink;
            border: 1px solid black;
         }
         div#skewDiv {
            /* IE 9 */
            -ms-transform: skewY(20deg); 
            
            /* Safari */
            -webkit-transform: skewY(20deg); 
            
            /* Standard syntax */	
            transform: skewY(20deg);
         }
      </style>
   </head>

   <body>
      <div>
         Tutorials point.com.
      </div>
      
      <div id = "skewDiv">
         Tutorials point.com
      </div>
   </body>
</html>

Matrix transform

Box rotation with Matrix transforms as shown below

<html>
   <head>
      <style>
         div {
            width: 300px;
            height: 100px;
            background-color: pink;
            border: 1px solid black;
         }
         div#myDiv1 {
            /* IE 9 */
            -ms-transform: matrix(1, -0.3, 0, 1, 0, 0);
            
            /* Safari */
            -webkit-transform: matrix(1, -0.3, 0, 1, 0, 0); 
            
            /* Standard syntax */
            transform: matrix(1, -0.3, 0, 1, 0, 0); 
         }
      </style>
   </head>

   <body>
      <div>
         Tutorials point.com.
      </div>
      
      <div id = "myDiv1">
         Tutorials point.com
      </div>
   </body>
</html>

Matrix transforms with another direction.

<html>
   <head>
      <style>
         div {
            width: 300px;
            height: 100px;
            background-color: pink;
            border: 1px solid black;
         }
         div#myDiv2 {
            /* IE 9 */
            -ms-transform: matrix(1, 0, 0.5, 1, 150, 0);
            
            /* Safari */	
            -webkit-transform: matrix(1, 0, 0.5, 1, 150, 0);
            
            /* Standard syntax */
            transform: matrix(1, 0, 0.5, 1, 150, 0); 
         }
      </style>
   </head>

   <body>
      <div>
         Tutorials point.com.
      </div>
      
      <div id = "myDiv2">
         Tutorials point.com
      </div>
   </body>
</html>

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*