What is HTML5 Web Storage? What is localStorage and sessionStorage!

With HTML5, web pages can store data locally within the user’s browser. The data is stored in name/value pairs, and a web page can only access data stored by itself.

Differences between localStorage and sessionStorage regarding lifetime:

  • Data stored through localStorage is permanent: it does not expire and remains stored on the user’s computer until a web app deletes it or the user asks the browser to delete it.
  • sessionStorage has the same lifetime as the top-level window or browser tab in which the data got stored. When the tab is permanently closed, any data stored through sessionStorage is deleted.

Differences between localStorage and sessionStorage regarding storage scope: Both forms of storage are scoped to the document origin so that documents with different origins will never share the stored objects.

  • sessionStorage is also scoped on a per-window basis. Two browser tabs with documents from the same origin have separate sessionStorage data.
  • Unlike in localStorage, the same scripts from the same origin can’t access each other’s sessionStorage when opened in different tabs.

Extra Info

  • Earlier, this was done with cookies.
  • The storage limit is far larger (at least 5MB) than with cookies and its faster.
  • The data is never transferred to the server and can only be used if the client specifically asks for it.
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